Honey

Honey is the product obtained exclusively from the nectar of flowers or fresh juices collected by the bees from certain species of plants, substances which the bees collect, enrich them with its own substance and store it in the cells of freshly built broodless.


Honey bees transform nectar into honey by a process of regurgitation, and store it as a primary food source in wax honeycombs inside the beehive.

Fig. 2: designed by Tanase Elena

The procedures for extracting honey are:

  1. Uncapping knife - A heated knife for slicing off the cappings from combs of honey.
  2. Uncapping tank - A container for receiving the cappings. Wet cappings fall onto a screen, and honey drips through to the bottom of the tank and out a spigot.
  3. Extractor - A drum containing a rotating wire basket. Uncapped combs are placed in the basket and the basket is turned by hand or by motor.
  4. Strainer - A mesh of coarse screen or cloth directly under the extractor spigot. This filters out large debris such as wax and dead bees.
  5. Storage tank - A large tank with a spigot, or "honey gate," at the bottom. As honey settles in the tank, air bubbles and small debris rise to the top and can be skimmed off, allowing honey that is bottled from the honey gate to be clear and attractive.

 

Fig. 3: www.emiere.ro

 

The operations that run in the order of honey processing are:

  1. Prefiltration of honey is made into small units with the help of a strainer, seeking to retain remains of wax or fragments of nymphs.
  2. Clarification of the honey is made in cans, for the separation of the undetained impurities of prefiltration. Clarification takes up to 15 days depending on temperature.

The obtained  honey is packed in cans with a capacity until 50 kg or in jars. Untill delivery the honey should be keeped at 10 – 14 °C.

Fig. 4.1: stuparitul.3xforum.ro  Fig. 4.2: ro.wikipedia.org

The honey is then delivered to stores.


This text was prepared by Tanase Elena and Popa Vlad, University of Agronomic Science and Veterinary Medicine, Department  of Industrial Biotechnologies Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania.